Seizures And Its Effects In Children

 

When the child is having the seizure, he is unaware of what is going on during the episode but quickly returns to full awareness once it has stopped but may be momentarily confused. Having seizure may result in learning difficulties if not recognized and treated. After a seizure, the child may be sleepy, confused, suffer memory loss, or have difficulty paying attention. Your child may not even know they had a seizure because seizures usually interfere with memory. In some cases the child takes multiple seizure medications but continues to have breakthrough seizures daily and some of the seizures are severe. Akinetic seizures, which cause the child to fall, also are called drop attacks. Grand mal seizures cause a child to pass out while his body becomes stiff and jerks.

SIMPLE PARTIAL (Also called Jackonsonian or Sensory) will not cause the loss of consciousness in children. A child may suddenly collapse and fall. A child having an absence seizure will usually lose consciousness briefly. A child who has febrile seizures has a 2.5% lifetime risk of developing a seizure disorder. A child who has partial seizures will not lose consciousness. A child having a seizure is almost sure to fall. A child with epilepsy, seizure disorder or any other condition in which seizures are present, must have a health care and emergency plan at school. A child needs to take his medicine exactly as directed for it to work effectively.

The child may show different symptoms depending upon which area of the brain is involved. If the abnormal electrical brain function is in the occipital lobe (the back part of the brain that is involved with vision), the child’s sight may be altered. The child’s muscles are typically more commonly affected. The seizure activity is limited to an isolated muscle group, such as fingers or to larger muscles in the arms and legs. The child may also experience sweating, nausea, or become pale. The child should always wear a helmet with sports and bike riding (including in-line roller-skating, hockey, and skateboards). The child should also always have a buddy or adult supervision while swimming. Your child should have adult supervision when swimming in a pool/lake. Your child should wear a life jacket when swimming in the lake. Your child should not climb trees or climb to heights that are unprotected. 5. Your child should wear a bicycle helmet when on a tricycle, bicycle, or roller-blades.

In a child, whose brain is still developing ­, a mild reaction like mine could cause subtle neurological damage that would not become apparent right away. In a child with severe neuro-developmental disability, the existence of a seizure disorder at the time of a gastrostomy operation increases the risk of subsequently requiring an antireflux procedure by a factor of 4.

When a child or adult has never had a seizure before, the first seizure should be followed by a careful medical evaluation to help the doctor decide whether to recommend treatment with seizure-preventing drugs, or to wait and see whether it occurs again. The most important factor in deciding whether to begin drug treatment for a single seizure is the probability of further seizures. If the child has a series of convulsions, with each successive one occurring before he or she has fully recovered consciousness, or a single seizure lasting longer than 10 minutes, contact the child’s parent or guardian, or seek medical treatment if that is what has been agreed on. When a child is enrolled with a known seizure disorder, an Individual Health Plan (IHP) should be developed by the program in consultation with the child’s parents and with input from the child’s physician.

If a child has epilepsy, then his doctor may recommend using medications, which are generally called anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Because the child may need to take the medication for several years, it is important to choose an agent that is well tolerated. Factors to be considered include the patient’s age, underlying illnesses, other long-term medications, ability to comply with the dosing schedule, and the cost. How does your child feel and behave after they have had a seizure and how long does this last.

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Ketogenic Diet Regime – An Advantage For Uncontrolled Seizure Disorder

 

Seizure disorder can be a nervous method disorder caused by electrical disturbances in the brain resulting in recurrent convulsions. In spite of healthcare advances in the therapy of seizure disorder, 20 to 30% of your situations fail to reply very well to them. In these cases, a ketogenic food plan has proved to become advantageous. A ketogenic diet regime, which imitates the fasting condition of your human body, is really a higher fat, very low carbohydrate, and regular protein diet regime. This diet leads to a condition of ketosis, a condition that results from excess accumulation of ketone bodies inside our body.

The ketogenic diet has its origin within the observation that fasting reduces convulsions. Usually, the mind makes use of only glucose as a supply of power. On the other hand, throughout a ketogenic food plan, carbohydrates are restricted and as a substitute fat is utilized because the supply of energy to the brain.

The liver has the potential to convert fatty acids to some thing referred to as ketone in our bodies. Ketones have the capacity to pass through the blood brain barrier and serve as energy fuel on the mind. It truly is hypothesized that these ketone our bodies are anticonvulsant in nature and thus enable to control convulsions.

A patient goes on the normal Indian ketogenic diet in 4 phases. The first section mostly includes a total health-related history that includes the personal facts in the patient as well as facts about his or her diet plan. Anthropometric measurements are produced and fundamental blood and urine exams are accomplished.

The 2nd phase, also generally known as carbohydrate “washout” part, requires restricting carbohydrates so that the system switches from glucose to ketones as being a supply for power. All cereals, pulses, dhals, fruits and fruit juices, sugar cane juice, cold drinks, sugar, jaggery, honey, sweets, chocolates, puddings, and cakes are omitted with the diet. Only large fat and excessive protein foods are permitted. There is no restriction about the amount. Once the physique attains ketosis (the particular person passes ketones in urine), the third stage is started.

The third section consists of the maintenance of ketosis using the support of ketogenic recipes. They are specialized recipes, which are calculated according towards the ketogenic ratio and dietary unit quantity (DUQ)..! It is then followed by the fourth section, which includes normal follow-ups with the doctor and nutritionist so that great tuning is often performed wherever needed. This diet might be continued until the convulsions stop entirely and the EEG normalizes.

The ketogenic diet regime is advantageous due to the fact it uses easy meals that we eat in our day-to-day existence. It can be nominal in price. Absolutely nothing requirements to be imported, nor is there any danger of a thing becoming unavailable. Also, it is a superior alternative then neurosurgery that is really high-priced and at the same time involves a higher threat. Ketone is naturally produced by our liver that naturally anticonvulsant effects and manage matches without quite a few side-effects. Consequently, medicines might be decreased or omitted.

Patients on this food plan happen to be discovered to be much more alert with greater concentration and memory. If a person is not satisfied with this eating habits, he only wants to revert again to his authentic diet regime. Nonetheless, there are handful of side-effects associated for the metabolic adjustments that it induces. These include hypoglycemia, dehydration, constipation, and vitamin or mineral deficiencies. Therefore, it can be often advisable to drink lots of water and take multivitamin tablets when with a ketogenic eating habits.

 

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Identifying Seizure Emergencies

 

In case you are a relative or even a friend of an individual that suffers from seizures, it’s essential to recognize the process for identifying epilepsy seizure emergencies. To be able to successfully do that, you must initially know what seizures are like plus the amount of time they will last.

It can be also vital to learn and understand how numerous seizures a person is prone to in the twenty-four hour time period. By knowing when a crisis is about to develop as it relates to seizure, you will be effectively to help an person that may be equipped to encounter a health-related complication.

Risk Factors

There are lots of threat components that will indicate that a seizure crisis will probably be experienced. They are indicators that you just should realize as warnings signs that a detrimental health-related predicament is occurring or is about to arise. The following represents essentially the most widespread factors associated with seizure disorder related with epilepsy:

An individual that is not prone to an excessive quantity of seizures may well encounter clusters of seizures within a short amount of time.

An emergency may perhaps be becoming known if the person is suffering from a seizure for any extended amount of time.

If a pregnant female experiences a seizure, it could indicate a healthcare difficulty.

If a person appears being getting respiratory difficulties even though having a seizure, which include choking or not becoming able to breathe appropriately, healthcare interest should be sought right away.

If very small time passes in between seizures, a severe predicament might be happening.

The Achievable Effects of Seizure Emergencies

There are many feasible outcomes related to seizure emergencies. Anybody which has epilepsy will likely be ready to verify the fact that most seizures do not lead to bodily hurt or any kind of harm directly towards the mind.

Nonetheless, you’ll find situations during which seizures may possibly occur in a lot of instances close with each other or they may well final too lengthy and end result in problems that are considered to be fairly severe and even potentially threatening when it comes to a person’s life.

This really is particularly correct if there’s a loss of consciousness plus the man or women encountering the concern does not regain consciousness. This particular situation is referred to by healthcare experts as “Status Epilepticus”. This could be the end result from infectious conditions, tumors, and other abnormalities that will happen within the brain, for example a stroke.

A lot of people that experience seizure emergencies may possibly encounter them as being an immediate end result of starting to be injured right after falling or slipping because of a seizure. Many may possibly get bruises while others could encounter cuts.

You can find those who have broken their bones. By knowing how you can establish seizure emergencies, these types of issues may perhaps be avoided. Should you are not sure if an particular person is encountering a health-related crisis, search for healthcare help instantly.

 

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Symptoms and Signs Of Seizures

 

For the brain to function normally, it must have an organized, controlled & systematic release of electrical impulses. This allows the brain to connect to various body parts, and at the same time has control of itself.

In general, a seizure attack or an Ictus is characterized by an abrupt shift in behavior, usually brief, due to a temporary change in the electrical activity of the brain. A certain type of seizure can show several distinctive characteristics.

Depending on the type of seizure, the individuals may be troubled in different ways. There are several different emotions that the affected individuals may experience before an encounter, accompanied by it is symptoms during & after a seizure.

Nearly one quarter of the people who attack a strange sensation disorder aka auras before experiencing the true ictal stage.

If someone is sensitive & attentive to his auras, then it might as well be a warning that may help to prevent potential damage or injuries.

The first symptoms of seizure or warnings concerning the most important senses include feelings of DjVu, unusual smells, sounds & tastes; brief loss of vision or blurred visions, racing thoughts, strange stomach sensations or a tingling sensation.

A person with an impending seizure attack may also feel fear or panic. He may experience dizziness, headache, nausea, or numbness. But note that sometimes seizures don’t involve any auras or warnings.

The actual seizure phase can take several distinct forms. Few people are aware of their aura can only have a continuity of the warning. To some it may develop into a partial seizure.

People with epilepsy may experience just black out, confusion, numbness, electric shock sensation, loss of consciousness, the physical experience for a couple and blurring of vision during the ICTAL phase.

Observable seizure symptoms may include chewing actions, convulsion, speaking difficulty, drooling, fluttering eyelids, feet stomping, hand waving, inability to move, incontinence, lip smacking, tremors or shaking, staring, stiffening, excessive sweating, teeth grinding, tongue biting, twitching movements, and difficulty breathing.

Following the seizure there is a shift from the ictal state to the normal state of a person. This phase is aka post-ictal period. It points to the recuperation time of the brain. It can continue from just a few minutes to several hours, depending on various aspects.

The condition of a person & the nature of the attack determines the duration of the recovery. If a person a complex partial seizure, his level of consciousness gradually improves in the post-ictal phase, like a patient waking up after the effects of anaesthesia. Symptoms and signs that come about throughout the post-ictal phase can include memory loss and writing difficulties.

The person may also experience confusion, destruction and distress, fear, frustration and embarrassment. Physical evidence after a seizure attack may include bruising, difficulty speaking, various forms of injury, fatigue and then drowsiness, headache, nausea, thirst and the urge to urinate or defecate.

Symptoms vary depending on the type of attack. Most of the time, a person with epilepsy may have an identical type of seizure each time, hence the symptoms will probably be the same.

But this doesn’t mean that all the seizures will come across all the above symptoms. Also, other people have a different experience that’s not included in here.

 

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How to Diagnose and Treat Seizures

 

A seizure disorder diagnosed by a doctor when a person experienced at least 2 unprovoked attack happened in various instances. Diagnosis made on the basis of what each meant & what eyewitnesses observed.

Indications that point to seizure attack include loss of consciousness, muscle spasms, incontinence, confusion and lack of focus and concentration. But seizures create such symptoms rarely than most people think. A brief loss of consciousness is probably just fainting or syncope than an attack.

Reports originating from an actual witness to the attack can be very useful for doctors. A witness can tell exactly what really took place while people who have a seizure attack usually can not do it. Physicians must’ve a defined story, which contains the following:

. How the incident began

. If it includes unusual head or facial muscle spasm or stiffening, tongue biting, drooling & incontinence

. How long the episode lasted

. How fast the person regained focus and composure

What a witness will remember will be of great assistance to a doctor.

If a witness can be, a seizure attack timing should be timed accurately with the aid of a watch. An attack that lasted only a few min can seem as if it lasted for one hour or so.

After a seizure disorder is diagnosed, appropriate treatment will be determined.

Medications

Today there is no real cure for epilepsy. Drugs don’t treat epilepsy in the same sense that antibiotics can treat an infection. For most epileptics, the use of medications is intended to prevent seizures, provided that they’re taken on a regular basis.

Antiepileptic drugs effectively stop the seizures in most people who take them regularly and as prescribed by their doctor.

If a patient decides to seek withdrawal from medication & his doctor is informed, he should be aware that seizures may come back and should strictly observe seizure safety precautions. A group of people though, have an outstanding chance of remaining seizure free in the future without taking any medication.

Surgery

Treating epilepsy by brain surgery can be successful, but it’s a complicated & complex procedure. This should be done by an experienced surgeon and staff. Most of the time, it’s done by special medical institutions that take care of patients with seizures in particular.

After the operation, some anti-seizure should continue, generally for up to a couple of years. Then if no more seizures come about, medications can be gradually withdrawn.

Diet Change

The ketogenic diet is generally effective in children. This implies a careful set up and srict compliance.

Many children have better seizure control with this diet than with the usual treatments involving drugs and surgery, even if it takes a substantial commitment to make this method succeed. Several are capable of reducing or eliminating their medications. Is, however, medical management is important when using the ketogenic diet treatment.

Most of the time, for a certain type of seizure, there are only small variations with appropriate treatments. The management preference generally depends on other issues, particularly for individuals with seizures.

 

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